Woodturning is the process of shaping an object into a rounded form by applying tools against the workpiece as it spins on the lathe. The result is an object,
a bowl or a vase whose every section is a perfect circle
Virtually all early lathes were powered by cords and required two men to operate, one to pull the cord to rotate the workpiece, the other to use a sharpened tool to cut and shape the wood into a bowl or vase.
Today’s woodturning lathes are of course powered by electricity, making it a lot easier for one person to operate. The basic process however has not changed in 3000 years.